Salmá al-Ḥaffār Kuzbarī (1923-2006), a Syrian scholar, feminist, writer, poet, and women ’s rights activist created this collection. Her writing and activism focused on the challenges of being a woman in the Arab world and draws from her own experiences. Her academic work focused primarily on Mayy Ziyādah, an early twentieth-century Lebanese literary personality who was a pivotal figure in the Nahda, or modern Arab Renaissance. This collection contains a host of materials related to Ziyādah (both primary and secondary sources). It also documents developing conceptions and interests in the Nahda among scholars over the span of several decades, by way of Kuzbarī’s essays, speeches, and books. The collection also documents her work as a feminist for women’s rights in the Arab world and the establishment of the Mabarra Association for Education and Consolation for orphan children. When she and her husband served in the Syrian embassy in Spain, she promoted the Arab literature of Spain. Of note also is correspondence from the poet Nizār Qabbānī. The materials include Kuzbarī’s correspondence and journals, speeches she delivered at various conferences, articles, and press clippings both written by and about her, plays and dramas, poetry, and novels. The materials are in Arabic with some in French, Spanish, and English.