Abstract: This dissertation concerns the politics of musical projects, institutions, and events in Sarajevo and the effect of efforts by donors in Bosnia and Herzegovina�s recent post-war period to promote concepts of democratization, modernization, westernization, and civil-society among local musicians. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia different international and thus foreign, political, and social actors have participated in the process of nation-building. Transnational institutions play active roles in facilitating the articulation or re-articulation of political and cultural expression in the public sphere. Non-governmental organizations, private donors, the military and funding arms of foreign governments, under the guise of humanitarian and development assistance as well as cultural diplomacy, have drawn on a range of strategies and mechanisms in their efforts to reshape Bosnian society and to promote their individual messages and goals. Music has been one of the tools used in this process. Within the context of post-war, post-socialist Bosnia-Herzegovina, this dissertation addresses the ways in which a selection of international organizations defined and used culture, cultural heritage, and music as an instrument for social change. The fifteen-year period following the conflict in Bosnia, and its categorization as a new and independent although divided nation, has been marked by multiple cultural, social, and political transitions, including the crowning of Sarajevo, once a regional center, as the nation�s new capital city. Using three case studies as examples, this dissertation explains the multi-dimensional connections between these post-war transitions and the positive and negative impacts of foreign cultural aid on the transition process. The case study chapters are titled: Funding Festivals: Bringing the World to the Capital, PSY(P)OP: Radio Peace, NATO, Psychological Operations and Supporting Urban Authenticity: Political Engagement Gramofon Records and Pro Helvetia. These case studies demonstrate that foreign sponsored post-conflict projects that are informed by local need and character can succeed in fulfilling the goals of both donors and the community. Foreign donors can and should do more for post-war communities by concerning themselves with the cultural framework they leave behind.
Haskell, Erica Jordan,
"Aiding Harmony? Culture as a Tool in Post-Conflict Sarajevo"
Ethnomusicology Theses and Dissertations.
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