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Modeling pedestrian dynamics in a crowded room

Description

Abstract:
Today there are many situations in which a large number of people are densely crowded into a small area. Examples include overcrowded offices, commuters on subways, crowds at public events, etc. A natural and practical question is how to place exits in confined spaces so that people may evacuate as quickly and safely as possible. To study this problem, we developed a new agent-based model for the evacuation dynamics of densely crowded individuals. Specifically, we developed a non-local agent-based model that incorporates and synthesizes ideas from floor field, particle, and traffic models, which can be compared with empirical results. Our model is based on the behavior of individuals at the operational level, i.e. the immediate decisions of individuals to control their speed and orientation in order to reach an exit in minimal time. We investigate how the results depend on the number of exits and the overall topology of the room.

Citation

Kryuchkova, Ekaterina, "Modeling pedestrian dynamics in a crowded room" (2015). Summer Research Symposium. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library. https://doi.org/10.26300/7bse-ds29

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Collection:

  • Summer Research Symposium

    Each year, Brown University showcases the research of its undergraduates at the Summer Research Symposium. More than half of the student-researchers are UTRA recipients, while others receive funding from a variety of Brown-administered and national programs and fellowships and go …
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