<mods:mods xmlns:mods="http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" ID="Lamb" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3/mods-3-6.xsd">
    <mods:titleInfo>
        <mods:title>Magic, divination and digitization</mods:title>
        <mods:subTitle>the exploration of a Timbuktu manuscript</mods:subTitle>
    </mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:name type="personal">
        <mods:namePart>Lamb, Katherine</mods:namePart>
        <mods:role>
            <mods:roleTerm type="text">creator</mods:roleTerm>
        </mods:role>

    </mods:name>
    <mods:name type="personal">
        <mods:namePart>Straughn, Ian</mods:namePart>
        <mods:role>
            <mods:roleTerm type="text">advisor</mods:roleTerm>
        </mods:role>
        <mods:affiliation>Brown University. Department of Anthropology</mods:affiliation>
    </mods:name>

    <mods:name type="corporate">
        <mods:namePart>Brown University. Undergraduate Teaching and Research Award</mods:namePart>
        <mods:role>
            <mods:roleTerm type="text">research program</mods:roleTerm>
        </mods:role>

    </mods:name>

    <mods:typeOfResource>still image</mods:typeOfResource>
    <mods:genre authority="aat">posters</mods:genre>
    <mods:originInfo>
        <mods:place>
            <mods:placeTerm type="text">Providence</mods:placeTerm>
        </mods:place>
        <mods:publisher>Brown University</mods:publisher>
        <mods:dateCreated encoding="w3cdtf">2015-08-07</mods:dateCreated>
    </mods:originInfo>
    <mods:physicalDescription>
        <mods:extent>1 poster</mods:extent>
        <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    </mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:abstract>The focus of our project is a unique Arabic manuscript that originates from
        Timbuktu and dates back to the late 18th or early 19th century, a transitional period
        preceding formal colonialism and following the golden age of this Sub-Saharan center of
        scholarship and learning. The manuscripts of Timbuktu have been threatened by time, the
        elements, and war, most recently in the Northern Mali conflict. Close study of the remaining
        Timbuktu manuscripts could significantly advance our understanding of religious and cultural
        life in pre-colonial Mali, as well as the development of Islamic and West African pre-modern
        scholarship more broadly. The objective of our project was therefore to make the
        manuscript's contents available to scholars worldwide through digitization and
        interpretation. This firstly required ordering the unbound pages of the manuscript by
        manipulating high-resolution photographs on a large display wall. The second phase of our
        work involved categorizing and analyzing the illustrations and text, the results of which
        would serve as a basis for our own set of research questions as well as the specific
        inquiries of scholars accessing the digital manuscript online. Lastly, we initiated the
        transcription and translation of the more legible sections of text. We found that the
        manuscript belongs to a tradition of esoteric sciences related to Islamic scholarship in the
        region. Comprised of five distinct but related texts written in the same hand, the
        manuscript contains numerous spells or "crecipes" for magic and divination, as well
        as over 200 illustrations including magic squares, circular seals, and geometric patterns.
        In addition to the prophets Muhammad and Jesus, the prophet Moses and members of his family
        feature prominently in the text, and are evoked in over ten consecutive pages of
        Qur'anic excerpts.</mods:abstract>
    <mods:subject authority="lcsh">
        <mods:topic>Tombouctou (Mali)</mods:topic>
    </mods:subject>
    <mods:subject authority="lcsh">
        <mods:topic>Islam</mods:topic>
    </mods:subject>
    <mods:subject authority="lcsh">
        <mods:topic>Qur'an</mods:topic>
    </mods:subject>
    <mods:subject authority="lcsh">
        <mods:topic>Moses (Biblical leader)</mods:topic>
    </mods:subject>
<mods:identifier xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" type="doi">10.26300/s11p-4410</mods:identifier></mods:mods>