Data for "Measuring ecosystem nitrogen status: a comparison of proxies"

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Title
Data for "Measuring ecosystem nitrogen status: a comparison of proxies"
Contributors
Almaraz, Maya (author)
Porder, Stephen (author)
Doi
10.7301/Z0445JDK
Date Created
2016-08-22
Abstract
There are many proxies used to measure nitrogen (N) availability in watersheds, but the degree to which they do (or do not) correlate within a watershed has not been systematically addressed. We surveyed the literature for intact forest or grassland watersheds globally, in which several metrics of nitrogen availability have been measured. Our metrics included: foliar d15N, soil d15N, net nitrification, net N mineralization, and the ratio of dissolved inorganic to organic nitrogen (DIN:DON) in soil solution and streams. We were particularly interested in whether terrestrial and stream based proxies for N availability were correlated where they were measured in the same place. Not surprisingly, the strongest correlation (Kendall’s tau) was between net nitrification and N mineralization (τ=0.71, p<0.0001). Net nitrification and N mineralization were each correlated with foliar and soil d15N (p<0.05). Foliar and soil d15N were more tightly correlated in tropical sites (τ=0.68, p<0.0001), than in temperate sites (τ=0.23, p=0.02). The only significant correlations between terrestrial- and water-based metrics were those of net nitrification (τ=0.48, p=0.01) and N mineralization (τ=0.69, p=0.0001) with stream DIN:DON. The relationship between stream DIN:DON with both net nitrification and N mineralization was significant only in temperate, but not tropical regions. To our surprise, we did not find a significant correlation between soil d15N and stream DIN:DON, despite the fact that both have been used to infer spatially or temporally integrated N status. Given that both soil d15N and stream DIN:DON are used to infer long-term N status, their lack of correlation in watersheds merits further investigation.
Keywords
Nitrogen
Mineralization
Dissolved organic nitrogen
Notes
We want to thank J. Campbell, C. Neill, and W. Wilcke for soil samples, M. Otter, C. Tamayo and C. Silva for help with analyses.
This research received funding from NIH IMSD R25GM083270, NSF DDIG GR5260021 and NSF EAR 1331841.
Access Conditions
This work is licenses under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Citation

Almaraz, Maya, and Porder, Stephen, "Data for 'Measuring ecosystem nitrogen status: a comparison of proxies'" (2016). Brown University Open Data Collection. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library. https://doi.org/10.7301/Z0445JDK

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