The interplay of race, socioeconomic status and neighborhood residence upon birth outcomes in a high black infant mortality community

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Title
The interplay of race, socioeconomic status and neighborhood residence upon birth outcomes in a high black infant mortality community
Contributors
Kothari, Catherine L. (Author)
Paul, Rajib (Author)
Dormitorio, Ben (Author)
Ospina, Fernando (Author)
James, Arthur (Author)
Lenz, Deb (Author)
Baker, Kathleen (Author)
Curtis, Amy (Author)
Wiley, James (Author)
Date Created
2016-12-01
Abstract
This study examines the relationship between race and socioeconomic status on infant birth weight in a Midwestern county noted to have high rates of Black infant mortality. It analyzed a population of 2861 black and white women for a main outcome of infant birth weight. Factors analyzed were race and SES, and it was found that both were strong individual predictors of infant birth weight. It was also found that Black women living in communities that were majority Black had better outcomes, as opposed to Black women living in predominantly white communities. This study demonstrates the influence of personal and community factors on health, and posits that these racial disparities are a result of “social institutions that systemically disadvantage minorities,” rather than inherent biological difference.
Keywords
health disparities
obstetrics
pediatrics
maternal child health
socioeconomic status|
racism
social determinants of health
birth outcomes
neighborhood racial density
Notes
Please note that readers would benefit from having an intermediate understanding of statistical analysis
Access Conditions
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Citation

Kothari, Catherine L., Paul, Rajib, Dormitorio, Ben, et al., "The interplay of race, socioeconomic status and neighborhood residence upon birth outcomes in a high black infant mortality community" (2016). Medicine and Race: AMS Annotated Bibliography. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library. https://repository.library.brown.edu/studio/item/bdr:788169/

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