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An ibis that flew too close to the sun


The following is a chapter from Pessoa: A Biography, forthcoming in July 2021 from Liveright/Norton. It covers the rise and fall of the Empreza Ibis, discussing a little-known poem by Pessoa that suggests the enterprise was doomed to fail as well as his literary reaction to that failure: he began writing the English sonnets that attempted to compete with and perhaps surpass Shakespeare. For the readers of Pessoa Plural, the chapter has been enhanced with facsimile documents from the Pessoa Archive, thanks to the collaboration of the journal’s editors.
O capítulo que se segue é do livro Pessoa: A Biography, a sair em Julho de 2021, pela Liveright/Norton. Cobre a ascensão e queda da Empreza Ibis, discutindo um poema pouco conhecido de Pessoa que sugere que a empresa estava condenada ao fracasso, além de sugerir a sua reacção literária a esse fracasso: começou a escrever os sonetos ingleses que tentavam competir com e talvez ultrapassar Shakespeare. Para os leitores da Pessoa Plural, o capítulo foi melhorado com documentos fac-símile do Arquivo Pessoa, graças à colaboração dos editores da revista.


Zenith, Richard, "An ibis that flew too close to the sun" (2021). Pessoa Plural—A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library.



  • Pessoa Plural—A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies

    Pessoa Plural—A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies (ISSN: 2212-4179) is an international peer-reviewed scholarly journal dedicated to studies of Fernando Pessoa. It is published jointly by the Department of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies at Brown University, the Department of …