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The Cultural Ideology Factor: Policy Effectiveness, VAW, and Mapuche Women in Chile, 2006-2019


Violence against women (VAW) is a human rights violation experienced by millions of women worldwide, yet indigenous women experience rates far higher than national averages. Despite global and domestic efforts to eradicate and prevent VAW, why have VAW policies had limited success among indigenous women? Most scholarship attributes policy effectiveness to the policymaking process itself. Ineffectiveness, accordingly, can be addressed from within this process. Contrasting scholarship argues that policy is embedded within specific cultural ideologies that inherently marginalize certain women from legislation’s effects. Adding to this largely theoretical debate, I trace the influence of cultural ideologies of policymakers and Mapuche women in Chile across three phases of policymaking—issue identification, design, and implementation. Analysis of Chilean policy, government documents, and interviews with Mapuche women reveals that Chile’s VAW policy is influenced by neoliberal ideologies that contrast with Mapuche values of collectivism, equilibrium, and reciprocity. Consequently, Mapuche women are unwilling to report violence to state entities. Therefore, to ensure effectiveness for all women, policymakers must consider the cultural ideology factor—the ideological assumptions that underly policy. This finding has implications for theories of policy effectiveness and feminism as well as for the safety and well-being of indigenous women and women worldwide.
Senior thesis (AB)--Brown University, 2020
Concentration: International Relations

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Turner, Kelsey R., "The Cultural Ideology Factor: Policy Effectiveness, VAW, and Mapuche Women in Chile, 2006-2019" (2020). International and Public Affairs Theses and Dissertations. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library.