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The Impact of Armed Conflict and Its Consequences on Women's Migration Decisions: The Guatemalan Civil War and Peru's Internal Armed Conflict

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Abstract:
How does armed conflict and its consequences impact the migration decisions of women? Existing migration theories have various focuses and flaws that make them inadequate for analyzing how armed conflict affects women’s migration decisions. The approaches fail to consider the complicated contexts that lead to armed conflict and, thus, how they impact women’s migration. I developed the Marginalization-Migration Model that analyzes how a woman’s level of marginalization before a conflict dictates how the conflict will affect her, how much agency she will have, and what migration or non-migration she pursues. I compare how the Guatemalan civil war and Peru’s internal armed conflict impacted women’s migration decisions from 1980 to the late 1990s when both conflicts ended. I emphasize that migration is not a binary but rather a gradient that is influenced by a woman’s place within society. This conclusion has theoretical implications for migration studies that give way to practical applications in immigration and refugee policies.
Notes:
Senior thesis (AB)--Brown University, 2023
Concentration: International and Public Affairs

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Citation

Carbajal, Abigail Shaska, "The Impact of Armed Conflict and Its Consequences on Women's Migration Decisions: The Guatemalan Civil War and Peru's Internal Armed Conflict" (2023). International and Public Affairs Theses and Dissertations, The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs Theses and Dissertations. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library. https://doi.org/10.26300/8djf-kw38

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